Sanctuary Guide
Water Bird Area2

Water Bird Area

Water Bird Area




Fawn-Infographic

Help care for the fawns

Help care for the fawns

Bear-Infographic

Help care for the black bears

Help care for the black bears

Iguana Infographic

Help care for the iguana

Help care for the iguana

Bunny Infographic

Help care for the cottontails

Help care for the cottontails

Fox Infographic

Help care for the foxes

Help care for the foxes

Hawk Infographic

Help care for the hawks

Help care for the hawks

Lemur Infographic

Help care for the lemurs

Help care for the lemurs

Lion Infographic

Help care for the lion

Help care for the lion

Pig2 Infographic

Help care for the pigs

Help care for the pigs

Water-Bird-Infographic

Help care for the water birds

Help care for the water birds

LongTailedMacaque

Long Tailed Macaque

Long Tailed Macaque




skunk

Skunk

Skunk

Skunks usually nest in burrows constructed by other animals, but they also live in hollow logs or even abandoned buildings in areas where their natural habitat has been destroyed. Skunks Read More

Skunks are one of the most misunderstood of all species. Simply because they have but one form of self-defense—their scent—they are perceived as ‘dirty, smelly animals we don’t want in our neighborhood.’ The truth is that skunks, like all wildlife, are intelligent and beautiful beings who do their part to maintain balance in the environment and who have a right to a life of peace.”

opossum

Opossum

Opossum

Opossums are virtually immune to rabies, and in fact are eight times less likely to carry rabies than other species. Opossums have a very slow heartbeat and metabolic rate. Opossums Read More

Opossums are the only North American marsupial. WRR receives hundreds of opossums each year in need of medical attention. Mother opossums are often killed in traffic leaving their babies alive within her pouch. They are hand-reared at WRR and once old enough to be independent, the young opossums are released in safe areas.”

whitetail

Whitetail Deer

Whitetail Deer

Whitetail deer can jump up to three meters high and 10 meters horizontally. A whitetail deer consumes seven pounds of vegetation every day and has four stomachs.

Both whitetail and axis fawns are often taken from their mothers by well-meaning humans. Mother deer will leave their young for as many as 14 hours while seeking food. Unless he is severely injured, it is best to leave a fawn alone; his mother will almost certainly return to care for him.”

ring-tailed cat

Ring-Tailed Cat

Ring-Tailed Cat

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Blackbuck Antelope

Blackbuck Antelope

The blackbuck can run almost 50 miles per hour when necessary. The horns, found only in blackbuck males, are twisted in a tight spiral with up to five turns. Unlike Read More

“Blackbuck antelope are natives of India but in Texas are exploited on hunting ranches. They are a slender, graceful, and shy animal who lives in herds with one dominant male. At WRR there are two rescued blackbucks who share the pastures with resident goats.”

turkey

Turkey

Turkey

Both male and female turkeys have a snood (a dangly appendage on the face), a wattle (the red dangly bit under the chin) and only a few feathers on the Read More

Rooster

Rooster

Rooster

A rooster can only crow when his neck is fully extended. Roosters crow all day long, not just at sunup.

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Ram/Sheep

Ram/Sheep

Sheep have a split in their upper lip, which allows them to select preferred leaves off a plant. Sheep have excellent peripheral vision. Their large, rectangular pupils allow them to Read More

Pig

Pig

Pig

Pigs roll around in the mud to keep cool because they do not have sweat glands. This beneficial practice has mistakenly caused humans to judge the pig as a dirty Read More

Peacock

Peacock

Peacock

Peacocks have spurs on their heels that enable them to defend themselves. Peacocks have a significant need for companionship.

muscovy

Muscovy Duck

Muscovy Duck

Unlike other breeds of duck, Muscovy ducks can roost high in trees. Muscovies are the only breed of domestic duck not derived from mallards.

Mule & Donkey

Mule & Donkey

Mule & Donkey

Donkeys have long ears, a short thick head, a short mane, thin limbs and narrow hooves. Mules share these characteristics with donkeys but they are larger and taller.

mule

Mule

Mule

Mule is a hybrid produced when a male donkey mates with a female horse. Mules are unable to reproduce naturally because of their irregular chromosome count. A mule’s hooves are Read More

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Jacob’s Ram

Jacob’s Ram

Jacob’s ram is a polycerate breed, meaning they can have multiple horns, usually two, four or six horns. The Jacobs sheep may be the oldest breed of sheep in the Read More

goose

Goose

Goose

Geese mate for life and remain loyal, not mating with another. Geese are very affectionate and kind-hearted with other geese in their group. If any one of them falls sick Read More

duck

Duck

Duck

Duck feathers are so waterproof that even when the duck dives underwater, their downy under layer of feathers will stay completely dry. A duck’s bill is specialized to help them Read More

donkey

Donkey

Donkey

Donkeys do not have natural “waterproof” coats like horses and therefore need access to shelter during rainfall. Donkeys are very strong and intelligent animals. Donkeys have an incredible memory—they can Read More

chicken

Chicken

Chicken

Chickens are able to recognize over 100 other chickens and individual humans as well.

Cow

Cow/Bull

Cow/Bull

Cows can produce 125 lbs. of saliva in one day. The average cow drinks 30 to 50 gallons of water each day.

dove

White-winged Dove

White-winged Dove

White-winged doves time their migration to the Sonora Desert to coincide with the blooming of the saguaro cactus. These gentle birds are one of the most hunted for “sport” of Read More

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Vulture

Vulture

Vultures have excellent senses of sight and smell to help them locate food; they can locate a dead animal from a mile or more away.

raccoon

Raccoon

Raccoon

Though raccoons are often thought to resemble small foxes, they are actually more closely related to bears. Raccoons have as many as 51 diverse calls, ranging from purrs, whimpers, snarls, Read More

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Porcupine

Porcupine

Porcupines are the third largest rodent in the world, after the capybara and the beaver. Porcupine quills are made of keratin that their body produces. There are about 30,000 quills Read More

cotton tail

Cotton Tail

Cotton Tail

When fleeing from a predator, cottontail rabbits use a zigzag running pattern and can reach speeds of up to 18 miles an hour. Cottontail rabbits are mistakenly thought to be Read More

Coatimundi

Coatimundi

Coatimundi

Coatimundis have double-jointed ankles that enable them to descend from trees headfirst. Coatimundis feed by using their long noses, poking them under rocks and into crevices.

“Coatimundis are omnivorous mammals whose behavior closely resembles that of raccoons. At WRR, the resident coatis are all former victims of the wild animal ‘pet’ trade and now live in a densely wooded enclosure where they love lounging about in the treetops.

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Squirrel

Squirrel

Squirrels have sweat glands on their feet. Squirrels can run 20 miles an hour.

armadillo

Armadillo

Armadillo

Armadillo is a Spanish word meaning “little armored one” and refers to the bony plates that cover their back, head, legs and tail. Armadillos are the only living mammals who Read More

Sulcata

Sulcata Tortoise

Sulcata Tortoise

During the hottest parts of the day, a sulcata tortoise is known to burrow four meters into the ground in search for cool areas with higher moisture levels. While sulcata Read More

Llama

Llama

Llama

Just like camels, llamas can survive for weeks without water because they collect moisture from the food that they eat. When threatened, the llama has the ability to spit as Read More

Kinkajou

Kinkajou

Kinkajou

Kinkajous use their long tongue to remove honey from beehives and nectar from flowers. They enjoy a wide variety of fruit as well as blossoms and some insects. Kinkajous have Read More

Iguana

Iguana

Iguana

Iguanas are excellent swimmers and will often dive beneath the water to avoid oncoming predators. Iguanas use a series of rapid eye movements to communicate with other iguanas.

Emu

Emu

Emu

Emu is the second largest bird in the world after the ostrich. Emus are the only birds with calf muscles. Emu eggs are large, resemble avocados and have the same Read More

Axis Deer

Axis Deer

Axis Deer

Axis deer have several vocalizations, which include barking when alarmed and bellowing during the mating season. Fawns have a high-pitched call used when they become separated from their mother. Axis Read More

African Crested Porcupine

African Crested Porcupine

African Crested Porcupine

Porcupines do not have the ability to “shoot” their quills. When in danger, the porcupine erects the quills and runs, jumps or spins to drive them into the predator. The Read More

Genet

Genet

Genet

Resembling a cross between a mongoose and a small leopard, genets have a spotted coat like the leopard but the small, sleek body of the mongoose. Genets have a scent Read More

NC Produce3

Nutrition Center

Nutrition Center

Alleviating boredom for the permanent residents is one of our greatest challenges here at WRR. One of the ways we address this is to conceal some of their food treats Read More

NC-Board1

Nutrition Center

Nutrition Center

The lemurs at WRR receive diets that consist of a variety of foods balanced to provide 40% fruit, 50% vegetables and 10% nutritional supplements. On Monday and Friday, eggs and Read More

“This building at our sanctuary is where our staff and apprentices work day and night preparing the complex diets for the hundreds of animals who call WRR home. It is also where we store dry food, refrigerate tons of fresh produce, freeze longer-term food items, clean animal food bowls, and store cleaning supplies and animal crates used in the hospital.”

NC-Produce2

Nutrition Center

Nutrition Center

Produce is picked up daily by our apprentices or volunteers from several grocery stores within a 60-mile radius. This invaluable contribution is then brought back to the WRR Nutrition Center Read More

“Inside this very building, life and death struggles are played out each and every day.”

FawnFormula_buckets

Hospital

Hospital

The Hospital & Rehabilitation Nursery, or ‘Hospital’ for short, is a 5,000-square foot building that sees the coming and going of over 7,000 animals per year. WRR vet staff, caretakers, Read More

“Though we protect, heal, and care for every animal who comes through our hospital doors, it is critical to remember that no animal wants to be here. Even when injured or ill, wild animals are terrified of humans and want only to be left alone. This is the constant challenge faced by our Animal Care staff—to treat, feed, and save patients who want no part of their help.”

egret1

Egret

Egret

owl1

Owl

Owl

PrimateEnclosure3

Primate Enclosure

Primate Enclosure

macaque2

Macaque

Macaque

lion1

African Lion

African Lion

The thick mane of the African lion protects their necks if they are in a fight with another animal. African lions, like all carnivores, have a digestive tract that allows Read More

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Bobcat

Bobcat

vulture1

Vulture

Vulture

babysparrow

Baby Sparrow

Baby Sparrow

WF Capuchin

White-Faced Capuchin

White-Faced Capuchin

White-faced capuchins frequently groom each other and have complex social structures within their troops. Individuals form alliances with other capuchins and these alliances are the basis for long-lasting friendships. The Read More

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Sulawesi Crested Black Macaque

Sulawesi Crested Black Macaque

Crested or Sulawesi macaques are sometimes wrongfully referred to as apes because of their extremely truncated tails. These macaques have entirely black faces and bodies except for the striking bright Read More

spider monkey

Spider Monkey

Spider Monkey

Spider monkeys do not have a thumb. Their four fingers are curved and look like a hook, which is special adaptation to their life in the forest. When different troops Read More

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Ring-Tailed Lemur

Ring-Tailed Lemur

A medium-sized lemur, the ring-tailed lemur is the most terrestrial of Madagascar’s primates. Ring-tailed lemurs can often be seen sunning themselves by sitting on their haunches and spreading their limbs Read More

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Ring-Tailed Lemur

Ring-Tailed Lemur

When ring-tailed lemurs travel over ground, they keep their tails in the air to ensure everyone in the group is in sight and stays together. A male ring-tailed lemur will Read More

“Rhesus macaques grace the WRR sanctuary as over the years we have rescued many from the ‘pet’ trade, laboratories and roadside zoos. Here they live peacefully in compatible groups who share open-topped spaces complete with tall grass, boulders, trees and the freedom to once again live the life of a monkey.”

rhesusmacaque1

Rhesus Macaque

Rhesus Macaque

Rhesus macaques have the largest geographical location of any primate in the world other than humans. Swimming is common for the rhesus macaque. The young can swim when they are Read More

Pig Tailed Macaque

Pig-Tailed Macaque

Pig-Tailed Macaque

The tail of the pig-tailed macaque is short and slender, slightly curled, and can be thinly furred or completely naked. Pig-tailed macaques live in troops comprised of as many as Read More

Owl monkey

Owl Monkey

Owl Monkey

Owl monkeys are nocturnal and dine on insects and fruit as well as some blossoms, nectar and leaves. They inhabit southern Central and northern South America.

marmoset

Marmoset

Marmoset

Marmosets are among the smallest of all primates; they are intelligent and live in large troops whose members watch over one another, send out alarm calls when predators are near, Read More

Long Tailed Macaque

Long-Tailed Macaque

Long-Tailed Macaque

The long-tailed macaque is also known as the crab-eating macaque. Long-tailed macaques sleep in trees on branches that overhang the river. They are excellent swimmers. If they are threatened, they Read More

Lion Tailed Macaque

Lion-Tailed Macaque

Lion-Tailed Macaque

Lion-tailed macaques can store food in their “cheek pouch” to eat later. This “storage space” has the same amount of room as their stomach. In the wild the lion-tailed macaque Read More

Capuchin

Capuchin

Capuchin

Capuchin monkeys, like all non-human primates, are highly intelligent, agile, gregarious and curious. They are one of the New World species of primates who are indigenous to Mexico and South Read More

“Lemurs at WRR have been rescued from laboratories, roadside zoos and private hands for many years. They require a diverse diet of fruits, vegetables, primate biscuits, leaves and variously healthy treats. Some of the lemurs at WRR are well over 20 years of age.”

Brown lemur

Lemur/Brown Lemur

Lemur/Brown Lemur

The brown lemur’s tail is usually as long as or longer than their body. Brown lemurs spend less than 2% of their time on the ground. When on the ground, Read More

Black and White Ruffed Lemur

Black & White Ruffed Lemur

Black & White Ruffed Lemur

Black and white ruffed lemurs enjoy the diversity of up to 132 different plant species as part of their diet. The black and white ruffed lemur is naturally found in Read More

“The primates who now call the WRR sanctuary home have all come from situations where they were never allowed to live in the outdoors. Most have been rescued from laboratories where they were subjected to various experiments and confined in lab cages. Others have been saved from the solitary life of the so-called ‘pet’ monkey or the horrors of roadside zoos where they were viewed as little more than ‘an attraction’ to bring in gate fees. Every primate in our care lives outdoors with other monkeys. Though their lives are not as free as they would be in the wild, here they are never named, tamed or exploited; instead they are allowed the company of their own kind in a tree-studded and spacious enclosure.”

fox_NEEDS NAME

Arctic Fox

Arctic Fox

The arctic fox is an incredibly hardy animal who can survive frigid Arctic temperatures as low as -58°F.

Wolf_02

Wolf

Wolf

A wolf’s jaw has a crushing pressure of nearly 1,500 pounds per square inch (compared with around 750 for a large dog). The jaws themselves bear 42 teeth specialized for Read More

wolf_01

Wolf

Wolf

Wolves run on their toes, which helps them to stop and turn quickly and reduces wear on their paw pads. Wolves have about 200 million scent cells. Humans have only Read More

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Red Fox

Red Fox

Red foxes have whiskers on their legs as well as around their faces, which they use to help them find their way. Red foxes are great nighttime predators because their Read More

“Grey foxes are often seen in rural settings and inhabit certain environs inside or near cities if there is adequate food and cover. All species of fox can be both insectivorous and carnivorous, eating insects, small mammals and even fruits and berries. The first grey fox rescued by WRR was about 12 years old and was found dehydrated, lying under the peach tree she had been relying on for her sole food source. She lived another two years in our care. Foxes pose no threat to humans.”

Grey Fox

Grey Fox

Grey Fox

Grey foxes are one of the only members of the dog family who has the ability to climb trees. They are so agile in trees that when they climb down Read More

Fennec Fox

Fennec Fox

Fennec Fox

Fennec foxes are indigenous to Africa and weigh two to three pounds. Their sensitive ears can be as long as six inches. Fennec foxes have a scent gland located on Read More

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Coyote

Coyote

Although coyotes are typically thought to be only meat eaters, they are actually omnivores—they have a varied diet and will eat watermelons, berries and vegetation.

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Coyote

Coyote

Coyotes can run up to 40 miles per hour. Male coyotes will travel up to 100 miles to find a new home territory when their current one is overpopulated.

“There are nine mountain lions at WRR. All but one of these has been rescued from the cruelty of the so-called ‘pet’ trade in large cats. They were held in small cages, often malnourished and never given any freedom to roam about or behave as themselves. The one cougar who came from the wild was orphaned when his mother was shot and killed. He was the one cub out of four who was not sent to the confines of a zoo.”

cougar7

Cougar/Mountain Lion

Cougar/Mountain Lion

The mountain lion can reach speeds of 50 mph in a sprint.  

Mountain Lion

Cougar/Mountain Lion

Cougar/Mountain Lion

When cougars finish eating, they may cover the leftovers with leaves to save for another meal.  

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Cougar/Mountain Lion

Cougar/Mountain Lion

Cougars can jump 18 feet straight up the side of a cliff and broad jump up to 40 feet.

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Cougar Cub

Cougar Cub

Cougar kittens, or cubs, have camouflage spots and rings around their tails that fade as they mature.

Bobcat5

Bobcat

Bobcat

Bobcats are about twice the size of a housecat and the tracks of a young bobcat can easily be confused with those left by a roaming housecat. Bobcats rely on Read More

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Bobcat

Bobcat

The most common wildcat in North America, the bobcat is named for a short, bobbed tail. A bobcat may have one main den and several auxiliary dens in his or Read More

African Lion

African Lion

African Lion

The African lion at WRR is the only non-native large cat at the sanctuary. The African lion is the second-largest cat after the tiger. African lions are not always highly Read More

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Black Bear

Black Bear

Black bears are typically shy and easily frightened. Black bears, like all bear species, have babies who are tiny at birth, weighing less than a pound. Black bears are omnivorous, Read More

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Black Bear

Black Bear

Black bears see color and possess a keen sense of smell. Black bears can run up to 35 miles per hour. Black bears go without food for up to seven Read More

“Black bears are omnivores and sadly are often exploited by the wild animal ‘pet’ trade, circuses and roadside zoos. WRR has rescued them from fates as diverse in cruelty as university ‘mascots,’ renaissance shows, backyard pens and wrestling acts. Here at WRR they live in peace in a spacious enclosure furnished with dens and above ground pools.”

Black Bear

Black Bear

Black Bear

The American black bear is the smallest of the three bears species found in North America. Black bears have short, non-retractable claws that give them excellent tree-climbing ability.

pelican

Pelican

Pelican

Pelicans float on the water’s surface with very little of their body submerged. A pelican’s throat pouch can hold up to 2.6 gallons of water. Pelican nests measure up to Read More

Swan

Swan

Swan

Swans are among the largest flying birds and are closely related to geese and ducks. Swans form monogamous pair bonds that last for many years and in some cases for Read More

Egret-2

Egret

Egret

The great egret is a large heron with all white plumage. Great egrets fly slowly but powerfully; with just two wing beats per second, their speed can be around 25 Read More

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Umbrella Cockatoo

Umbrella Cockatoo

The umbrella cockatoo can be distinguished from other white cockatoos by his/her crest that rises like an umbrella when the bird is excited or agitated. Umbrella cockatoos are extremely social. Read More

Ring Neck

Indian Ringnecked Parakeet

Indian Ringnecked Parakeet

Like all parrots, Indian ringnecks are highly vocal in the morning and evening. Mating between Indian ringnecks is preceded by a long and involved courtship that involves the male feeding Read More

macaw

Macaw

Macaw

Like all birds, the macaw’s bones are largely hollow and extremely dense. The beaks of some macaws are strong enough to crack coconut shells.

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Blue-crowned Conure

Blue-crowned Conure

Blue-crowned conures are not dimorphic, meaning that males and females have the same coloring and overall appearance.

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Sun Conure

Sun Conure

The sun conure’s call can carry for miles and helps them locate each other in the wild while out foraging for food during the day. A mature sun conure sports Read More

Nanday Conure IMG_6705

Nanday Conure

Nanday Conure

As very sociable birds, nanday conures can be found in the wild drinking with other species at waterholes. Nanday conures often sleep on their backs.  

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Cockatiel

Cockatiel

The cockatiel is the only small parrot with a head crest. The cockatiel’s head crest raises and lowers according to the bird’s mood. When the crest is raised to full Read More

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Amazon Parrot

Amazon Parrot

Parrots are one of many highly intelligent species of birds who grace the world. Amazon parrots can live for over 50 years, which is one of countless reasons why they Read More

Red Tailed Hawk 02

Red-Tailed Hawk

Red-Tailed Hawk

The red-tailed hawk is the most commonly seen hawk in North America. Red-tailed hawks have a high-pitched call that has often been used by the movie industry in films depicting Read More

Kestrel

Kestrel

Kestrel

The American kestrel is the smallest falcon in North America. Weighing only a few ounces, a small kestrel tips the scale about the same as 34 pennies. Kestrels can see Read More

Great Horned Owl

Great Horned Owl

Great Horned Owl

The flattened facial disk of the great horned owl funnels sound to the bird’s ears, which magnify it as much as ten times to help the bird hear noises humans Read More

“Hawks, owls and vultures all find help and care at WRR. We do everything in our power to restore their ability to fly. If they cannot be set free, we provide them with permanent care in a natural, quiet and lush setting. They are not used in ‘educational’ programs as, like all wild animals, they prefer to be left alone.”

Raptor (2)

Raptors

Raptors

Raptors are birds of prey with very keen vision and sharp, curved talons and beaks. Some species are diurnal and others nocturnal. “Raptor” is derived from the Latin word “rapere” Read More

“Cougars receive no protection in the wilds of Texas. They are exploited by the wild animal ‘pet’ trade and in roadside zoos. By the time they are rescued by WRR they have usually been declawed and even defanged and cannot be set free. They live on 4.5 acres in peace at the WRR sanctuary.”

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Lemur

Lemur

Piglet

Piglet

Piglet

Chicken & Ducklings

Chicken & Ducklings

Chicken & Ducklings

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African Crested Porcupine

African Crested Porcupine

North American Porcupine

North American Porcupine

North American Porcupine

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Sheep

Sheep

Red Bat

Red Bat

Red Bat

Rescued bat at WRR.

Rooster

Rooster

Rooster